Navigating life with heart failure: the realities of self-care practices for patients and their families following cardiac rehabilitation
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Heart failure (HF) self-care is well-documented in HF management, yet the experiences of patients and family members post-cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) are less explored. This qualitative study utilized semi-structured interviews to probe into the post-CR self-care experiences among patients with HF and their families. Employing the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a guiding framework and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) for data analysis, the research unveiled 14 interconnected themes rooted in the HBM's core elements: perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, cue to action, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy. The insights gleaned from this study hold significant implications for clinical practice, policy, and future HF management research. The findings offer a nuanced understanding of intricacies behind behaviour change in patients with HF and their families, guiding targeted interventions and policy adjustments for improved care and support.