Energy and exergy analyses of biomass cogeneration systems
Lien, Yung Cheng
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Biomass cogeneration systems can generate power and process heat simultaneously from a single energy resource efficiently. In this thesis, three biomass cogeneration systems are examined. Parametric analysis of back pressure steam turbine cogeneration system, condensing steam turbine cogeneration system and double back pressure steam turbine cogeneration system is conducted. Energy and exergy analyses are performed for three biomass based cogeneration configurations. The parametric analysis demonstrates the effects of varying operating conditions (temperature: 340 oCto 520 oCand pressure: 21bar to 81bar). A higher steam inlet temperature and pressure to the turbine yields better energy and exergy efficiencies and performance. Steam inlet conditions to the turbines and process heater requirements influence the power output and cogeneration system efficiencies. Greenhouse gases reduction is achieved by cooperating cogeneration systems with biomass to reduce CO2 emissions and global warming potential in the power industrial sectors.