Chronic effects of single intra-peritoneal injection of endosulfan on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and field observations of caged rainbow in Oshawa Creek
Armour, Jeffrey Andrew
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The organochlorine pesticide endosulfan has been shown to be highly toxic to fish and there is some evidence to support that it may act as an endocrine disrupting chemical. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were caged at 4 sites in Oshawa Creek during the fall and spring of 2008 and 2009 while another group was intra-peritoneal injected in the laboratory with varying concentrations (ppm) of endosulfan. Plasma vitellogenin (VTG) levels, liver ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD), citrate synthase (CS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and brain acetylcholine esterase (AChE) (caged fish only) enzymatic activities were measured. Trout injected with endosulfan experienced an increase of the anaerobic (LDH activity) and a decrease of the aerobic (CS activity) metabolic pathways, while male VTG levels increased. Since it was a singular injection, VTG results have to be confirmed. Fall caged trout showed increased EROD activity and inhibited AChE activity while those caged in the spring experienced an unexpected exposure to the lampricide 3-Trifluoro-Methyl-4-Nitro-Phenol (TFM) which disrupted metabolic parameters (inhibited CS and increased LDH activity). Both fall and spring caged trout experienced no induction of VTG activity. Further research is needed since the spring exposure was altered due to the unplanned TFM treatment and thus did not represent a valid temporal replicate.