Investigation of sustainable hydrogen production from steam biomass gasification
Abuadala, Abdussalam Goma
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Hydrogen is a by-product of the gasification process and it is environmentally friendly with respect to pollution and emission issues when it is derived from a CO2-neutral resource such as biomass. It is an energy carrier fuel and has flexibility to convert efficiently to other energy forms to be used in different energy applications like fuel cells. The proposed research presents literature on previous gasification studies regarding hydrogen production from biomass and updates the obtained results. The main objectives of the thesis are: a) to study hydrogen production via steam biomass (sawdust) gasification; b) to evaluate the produced hydrogen by performing comprehensive analysis by using thermodynamic, exergoeconomic and optimization analyses. Despite details specific to the gasifier, in general, there is a special need to theoretically address the gasifier that gasifies biomass to produce hydrogen. This further study of gasification aspects presents a comprehensive performance assessment through energy and exergy analyses, provides results of the optimization studies on minimizing hydrogen production costs, and provides a thermo-economic analysis for the proposed systems (Systems I, II and III). This thesis also includes the results from the performed study that aims to investigate theoretical hydrogen production from biomass (sawdust) via gasification technology. Results from the performed parametric study show that the gasification ratio increases from 70 to 107 gH2 per kg of sawdust. In the gasification temperature studied, system II has the highest energy efficiency that considers electricity production where it increases from 72 % to 82 % and has the lowest energy efficiency that considers hydrogen yield where it increases from 45 % to 55 %. Also, it has the lowest hydrogen cost of 0.103 $/kW-h. The optimization results show that the optimum gasification temperatures for System I, System II and System III are 1139 K, 1245 K and 1205 K, respectively.